Trentino is an autonomous province of north-eastern Italy, which is divided into 176 administrative subdivisions. It is one of the two provinces that belong to Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol region. Its capital is the town of Trento. The province has an area of 6,208 km² and a total population of 538,604. The region is renowned for the Dolomites, which are part of the Alps. The regional innovation system is well developed and interconnected. It is characterized by strong public components (universities, research institutes and foundations).
The 1972 second Statute of Autonomy for Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol devolved most legislative and executive competences from the regional level to the provincial level, creating de facto two separate regions. Administratively, the province enjoys a large degree of autonomy in the following sectors: health, education, welfare and transport infrastructure. The provincial council comprises 35 members, one of whom must by law be drawn from the Ladin minority.
Trentino is a relatively wealthy autonomous province, both in comparison with other Italian regions, and with the EU28 average: the GDP per capita PPS was €35,600 in 2016, corresponding to 122% of the EU28 average and to 126% of the national average.
The share of services (financial intermediation and real estate, public administration, community services and activities of households) in total gross value added is in line with the Italian average. In 2015, services account for 73.5% of the gross value added, followed by industry (22.9%) and agriculture (3.6%). Tourism is vital, and mostly related to the exploitation of natural amenities, sky resorts etc. Also important is agro-food. The share of agriculture is also higher than average, while the importance of industry is lower than in the rest of Italy. The most important manufacturing sectors include textiles, materials for construction, mechanics, food processing, paper and wood making.
The fragmentation of the productive fabric and the prevalence of micro-enterprises in all sectors is a key feature of the economy (as well as of most Italian regions) which implies a lack of critical mass for carrying out innovation activities, and is the factor with the most negative impact on the general innovation performance.
1. Europe Direct
The information network Europe Direct has established a center in Trentino since 2013. Europe Direct has 44 other centers in Italy and 500 more in other European counties and it disseminates information about the history of the European Union, the European institutions, EU policies, programs and funding. Europe Direct Trentino is doing exactly that, by being open to the public to answer questions and to organize specific information initiatives and communications.
2. Siamo Europa Festival
The third edition of Siamo Europa (We are Europe) Festival was celebrated in 9-11 May 2019 in Trento. During the festival, a special prize was awarded to the commune of Cavedine for its activities in national social services in the valley of the Lakes. The prize was in memory of Antonio Megalizzi a journalist from Trentino who died during the terrorist attacks in Strasbourg in December 2018.
3. EUSALP: the European Strategy for the Alpine Region
The European Strategy for the Alpine Region is a macro regional strategy endorsed by the European Council, which seeks to achieve economic, social and territorial cohesion in the Alpine area, part of which is within the Trento, province.
The Alpine area is composed of territories with contrasted demographic, social and economic trends and a great cultural and linguistic diversity. This diversity goes along with a great variety of governance systems and traditions. Both the common specificities of the Alpine area and its variety and diversity call for strengthened cooperation.
The Alpine region represents a living and working space for the resident population and an attractive tourist destination for millions of guests every year. The Alps are the water tower of Europe and are known all over the world for their natural beauty, varied landscapes, rich biodiversity and cultural heritage. However, this unique territory faces a number of challenges caused by economic globalization, demographic trends (ageing, migration), climate change, energy needs and its specific geographic location.
Therefore, what the EUSALP seeks to achieve is better cross-border cooperation between the Alpine States in order to boost competitiveness and innovation, environmentally friendly mobility and sustainable management of energy, natural and cultural resources.